On September 16, 2019, in a small ceremony at the Italian Consulate in San Francisco, I took an oath to become an Italian citizen. Paolo was right there with me, taking this video.
In case you don’t speak Italian, here’s the oath that I took to become an Italian Citizen.
“Giuro di essere fedele alla Repubblica e di osservare la Costituzione e le leggi dello Stato.”
This translates to:
“I swear to be faithful to the Republic and to observe the Constitution and the laws of the State.”
Italian Citizenship Ceremony
Citizenship ceremonies come with an overwhelming mix of emotions tempered by preparation and bolstered by pride. Looking back at the video, I see my nerves give way to relief. The gravity of the moment gives way to jubilation and my hair gives in to frizz.
The moments before, during, and after a citizenship oath feels significant at the moment, and those moments in life are rare. The moment I took my Italian citizenship oath, I felt acutely aware of everything. Of each of the nine people in attendance. Of the three other nervous people about to take their oath. Aware of the bright California sunlight bouncing off soft cream walls. Of San Francisco Bay outside the window, rooting me in a sense of place.
Before my Citizenship Ceremony began, the room was quiet. Pre-ceremony words were spoken in hushed tones. In the end, my floodgates opened, and out poured six years of bottled-up fear, frustration, joy, and freedom.
Italian Citizen Process
Paolo and I were married on August 22, 2013. In both our cases, we applied for dual citizenship the very day we were able. It took us until December 2017 and September 2019 respectively to become citizens. Every day for six years right after breakfast Paolo would fire up his computer and check his immigration status and then mine.
Once Paolo and I registered our marriage in Italy, we had to wait two full years before I could start the application process to become an Italian citizen. On the day of our two-year anniversary, Paolo and I submitted my application for citizenship. This is when the real work began.
I had to get fingerprint background checks in every state I’ve lived in (gulp) along with an FBI fingerprint background check. I call out fingerprint for a reason. These all had to be completed within six months of the application. While that doesn’t sound like a big deal, I quickly discovered I’d missed my calling as a cat burglar. My fingerprints came back as unreadable four times.
Each time, I re-inked at the local Sheriff’s office, mailed the fingerprint card to the state doing the background check, and waited. Were my fingerprints accepted? How long would it take this time? The clock was always ticking. It took nearly four months to get them all complete.
Once we got all the fingerprint background checks completed, they had to be apostilled and translated into Italian and the translation had to be approved by the Italian Consulate. Once we got everything in and citizenship fees paid, the wait began. The Italian government now had two years to process my application.
Every day for the next two years, Paolo checked my application status along with his American citizenship application. We watched as the applications moved at a snail’s pace through each phase. In my case, we were close, so close to the end when a big hitch came. Salvini’s anti-migrant security decree was signed into effect.
In the last leg of my application for Italian Citizenship, the newly elected interior minister Matteo Salvini, leader of the far-right league swooped in with a bill that abolished humanitarian protections and intentionally complicated the path to citizenship. Now becoming an Italian citizen was nearly impossible for the vast majority of citizenship applicants, including mine. Here’s why.
New requirements included raised fees, two additional years added to the citizenship process, passing an Italian language exam with at least a B1 level of proficiency, and a squeaky clean criminal record that had to be re-demonstrated before the official oath ceremony. For months we were waiting on pins and needles to receive government clarification. Did the new bill include applications in progress? My saving grace was that the government declared the new bill was for new applications. I had been approved and the standards with which I had originally applied for Italian Citizenship had been upheld in my case.
Oh, there was one last sneaky twist from Salvini in store. Although it wasn’t included in the bill, Salvini insisted that all previously approved applications now required a new round of background checks before they could take the oath. Only this round we had less time. They were due before the oath ceremony.
My fingerprints were rejected two more times before we shifted to pricey electronic expedited services. We barely got everything back, to get it apostilled, translated, and approved by the consulate in time. This is why only three other people became Italian Citizens along with me. The hurdles are intentionally high.
Citizenship in Italy just like it is in America is not something that’s granted simply by getting married. Becoming a dual citizen in today’s political climate takes constant effort for years. You have to want it, badly. I cannot imagine anyone going through what it takes to become a dual citizen without a deep love for the country they pledge an oath to or a deep fear for life in a country they once called home. Gaining dual citizenship takes intelligence, resources, help from others, dedication, and money. We would often say to each other “If this is so hard for us, can you imagine how hard it would be for a refugee?”
In our case, this was all going on at the exact same time we were chasing Paolo’s American Citizenship. His story is even more complex than mine. One day, I might share it if I can stand to live through it again. All I’ll say for now is, that his path to citizenship was also riff with flights for interviews and tests, background checks, and lawyers. The final letter informing Paolo of the date of his citizenship ceremony was only delivered thanks to a friendship with the Postman. Paolo’s name was spelled wrong. The city was spelled wrong. The street number was wrong and the zip code was wrong.
All of this begs two questions, why? Why was it so important for us to become dual citizens and why were we worried?
Why Dual Citizenship is Important
Rights. Citizens have rights that immigrants and legal residents do not. Even though I’m Paolo’s wife, that does not give me the right to live in Italy longer than 90 days. Without citizenship, visas, or permits no one is allowed to stay in Italy for more than 90 days consecutively. It’s 90 days in, 90 days out. If Paolo’s parents would have needed help before I became an Italian Citizen, we faced being separated for three month periods.
COVID-19 is another more extreme example. If I hadn’t become an Italian Citizen in 2019, I wouldn’t be able to go to Italy with Paolo. If he were to return to Italy to check on his parents, without his American Citizenship, he would not have been able to return. Can you imagine? Without my Italian Citizenship, Paolo would have had to make a choice between getting to his parents or staying with his wife during the worst epidemic of our time.
Moving between two countries is not the only right we were concerned about. Voting, owning property, the right to work, the right to a fair trial. Rights are worth the fight.
Why I’m Proud to Be a Dual Citizen
Like America, Italy is a democracy. The values of the people and of both the Italian and the American Constitutions are those of cohesion. Both of our constitutions act as a point of reference for our daily lives as citizens. Reference for how we are to treat one another. Reference for our mutual agreement as citizens to abide by our laws. Reference for the responsibilities that come with the rights of citizenship.
Italy’s Constitution sets out that all citizens have equal social status and are equal before the law, without regard to their sex, race, language, religion, political opinions, and personal or social conditions. It’s not only our citizenship rights but the right to believe in what our countries represent that drove us to fight so hard to gain dual citizenship. Democracy, equality, and cohesion. This is why Paolo and I both love our countries.
For us this has been especially poignant in a time when our political leaders need us, the citizens to remind them of their responsibilities. They too are beholden to the laws of the land and to the spirit of the constitution that helped form our countries.
Taking an oath to become an Italian Citizen was a deeply personal reminder it isn’t just the job of politicians to uphold democracy, it is every citizen’s responsibility too. Now, I will do so as to both an American and an Italian.